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Exposing What Happens Behind Closed Doors: Domestic Violence in the U.S.

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The editors at Social Work Degree Guide decided to research the topic of:

Exposing What Happens Behind Closed Doors: Domestic Violence in the U.S.

What is domestic violence?

Physical Abuse


- hitting
- slapping
- shoving
- grabbing
- pinching
- biting
- hair pulling
- denying a partner medical care
- forced alcohol or drug use

Sexual Abuse


- coercion of sexual contact or behavior without consent
- marital rape
- attacks on sexual parts of the body
- forcing sex after physical violence has occurred
- treating one in a sexually demeaning manner

Emotional Abuse


- undermining partner's sense of self-worth or self-esteem
- constant criticism
- diminishing partner's abilities
- name-calling
- damaging partner's relationship with his or her children

Economic Abuse


- making (or attempting to make) an individual financially dependent by:
- maintaining total control over financial resources
- withholding access to money
- forbidding attendance at school or employment

Psychological Abuse


- causing fear by intimidation
- threatening physical harm to self, partner, children or partner's family or friends
- destruction of pets and property
- forcing isolation from family, friends, school or work

Domestic violence does not discriminate


- Domestic violence can happen to anyone regardless of race, age, sexual orientation, religion or gender
- Domestic violence affects people of all socioeconomic backgrounds and education levels
- Domestic violence occurs in both opposite-sex and same-sex relationships
- Domestic violence can happen to partners who are married, living together or dating

Facts


- 2004 - 3 out of every 4 people surveyed by Allstate Foundation know someone who is or has been a victim of domestic violence
- Approximately 33 million Americans (15%) admit that they have been victims of domestic violence
- Every 9 seconds, a woman is assaulted or beaten
- 50% of men who frequently assault their wives also frequently assault their children
- Men who witness domestic violence as children are twice as likely to abuse their wives than those who grew up in nonviolent households
- Girls who witness domestic violence are more vulnerable to becoming victims as teens and adults
- Roughly 1 in 5 high school students reports being physically or sexually abused by a partner
- Date rape accounts for almost 79% of sexual assaults reported by adolescent and college age women
- 38% of these women are between 14 and 17 years old
- Domestic violence is the third leading cause of homelessness among families
- Cultural norms require men to put on a strong face while minimizing abuse by females
- men are less likely to verbalize fear

How many die from domestic violence?


- More than 3 women and 1 man are murdered by their partners every day
- 2000 - 1,247 women were killed
- 2005- 1,181 women were killed
- 2000 - 440 men were killed
- (According to 2005 study) Each year:
- Estimated 1,200 deaths and 2 million injuries among women
- Estimated nearly 600,000 injuries among men
- Intimate partner homicides make up 30% of the murders of women and 5% of the murders of men
- Most intimate partner homicides occur between spouses
- However, the number of homicides by boyfriends/girlfriends is growing

The cost of domestic abuse


- Almost $4.1 billion is spent every year for direct medical and mental health care services for victims
- About half of all female victims report injury of some kind
- About 20% seek medical assistance
- Domestic violence victims lose almost 8 million days of paid work each year
- Equivalent of 32,000 full-time jobs
- Lost productivity accounts for nearly $1.8 billion

Getting help


- Only 1 in 4 women and 1 in 7 men report being victims of domestic violence
- On average, 21% of female victims and 10% of male victims contact an outside agency for assistance
- Of those, 45% are private agencies
- Only 70% of domestic violence is reported to law enforcement officials
- Why don't people report it?
- 41% of male and 27% of female victims stated that victimization is a private matter
- 15% of women fear reprisal
- 12% of all victims wanted to protect the offender
- 6% of all victims believed that the police would do nothing

The Violence Against Women Act was enacted in 1994


- Strengthened federal penalties for repeat sex offenders
- Created a federal rape shield law, which prevents offenders from using victims' past sexual conduct against them during a rape trial
- Mandates that victims, no matter income level, are not forced to pay for their own rape exams or service of protection orders
- Requires that protection orders be recognized and enforced in all states and jurisdictions within the US
- Helps communities develop dedicated law enforcement and prosecution units against domestic violence
- he VAWA funds train over 500,000 law enforcement officers, prosecutors, judges and other personnel every year

There are multiple hotlines for victims of domestic violence


- Violence Hotline:
- 800.621.HOPE (4673)

- Crime Victims Hotline:
- 866.689.HELP (4357)

- Rape & Sexual Assault Hotline:
- 212.227.3000

- TDD phone number for all hotlines:
- 866.604.5350

SOURCES


- http://www.thehotline.org/get-educated/abuse-in-america/
- http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/domviolence.htm
- http://dvrc-or.org/domestic/violence/resources/C61/#hom
- http://domesticviolencestatistics.org/domestic-violence-statistics/
- http://www.safehorizon.org/index/what-we-do-2/domestic-violence--abuse-53/domestic-violence-the-facts-195.html
- http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/vawa_factsheet.pdf
- http://www.huffingtonpost.com/soraya-chemaly/50-actual-facts-about-dom_b_2193904.html


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